World foreign direct investment flows FDImeasured in current dollars, declined in the early s after the cyclical peak in Byannual FDI flows had recovered to the previous peak level.
Every day, approximately women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal mortality is higher in women living in rural areas and among poorer communities. Young adolescents face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women.
Skilled care before, during and after childbirth can save the lives of women and newborn babies. Between andas part of the Sustainable Development Goals, the target is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per live births.
Maternal mortality is unacceptably high. About women die from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complications around the world every day. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low-resource settings, and most could have been prevented 1. In sub-Saharan Africa, a number of countries halved their levels of maternal mortality since In other regions, including Asia and North Africa, even greater headway was made.
Between andthe global maternal mortality ratio the number of maternal deaths per live births declined by only 2.
However, increased rates of accelerated decline in maternal mortality were observed from onwards. In some countries, annual declines in maternal mortality between — were above 5.
Where do maternal deaths occur? The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor.
More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia. More than half of maternal deaths occur in fragile and humanitarian settings.
There are large disparities between countries, but also within countries, and between women with high and low income and those women living in rural versus urban areas. The risk of maternal mortality is highest for adolescent girls under 15 years old and complications in pregnancy and childbirth is a leading cause of death among adolescent girls in developing countries 23.
Women in developing countries have, on average, many more pregnancies than women in developed countries, and their lifetime risk of death due to pregnancy is higher.
In countries designated as fragile states, the risk is 1 in 54; showing the consequences from breakdowns in health systems. Why do women die? Women die as a result of complications during and following pregnancy and childbirth.
Most of these complications develop during pregnancy and most are preventable or treatable. The remainder are caused by or associated with diseases such as malaria, and AIDS during pregnancy.
Most maternal deaths are preventable, as the health-care solutions to prevent or manage complications are well known. All women need access to antenatal care in pregnancy, skilled care during childbirth, and care and support in the weeks after childbirth.
Maternal health and newborn health are closely linked.
The Facts of Economic Growth C.I. Jones Stanford GSB, Stanford, CA, United States NBER, Cambridge, MA, United States The Distribution of Income by Person, Not by Country 39 Beyond GDP 39 16, 32, 64, % per year Year. Real state personal income grew on average percent in , after increasing percent in The percent change in real state personal income ranged from percent in Utah and Georgia to percent in Wyoming. Personal income increased percent in the metropolitan portion of the United States and increased percent in the nonmetropolitan portion in The change in personal income ranged from percent in Slope County, North Dakota to percent in Crosby County, Texas in
It was estimated that approximately 2. It is particularly important that all births are attended by skilled health professionals, as timely management and treatment can make the difference between life and death for both the mother and the baby.
Severe bleeding after birth can kill a healthy woman within hours if she is unattended. Injecting oxytocin immediately after childbirth effectively reduces the risk of bleeding.
Infection after childbirth can be eliminated if good hygiene is practiced and if early signs of infection are recognized and treated in a timely manner.Between and , the number of people living in extreme poverty in the 71 emerging economies fell from billion to million.
Outperformers accounted for almost 95 percent of that change. Less than 11 percent of the world’s population now lives in extreme poverty, down from 35 percent in rowth United States Connecticut Gross Domestic Product and Personal Income Percentage Points difference between CT and the US Source: IHS, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Economic Prosperity of the ’s •Connecticut gained , jobs, or % of employment between July to February. Different data sources require different analytical strategies to enhance comparability across countries and over time.
As a result, we used different methods to obtain comparable country, regional, and global estimates of maternal mortality ratios for and for the analysis of trends between and Empirical Analysis of Ratios Prather (, ) examined the 16 ratios suggested by Griffith using real increase in family income between and followed increases of % for and % for (U.S.
Bureau of the Census, the end of to just under $ trilli on at year-end Larry Merlo, the CEO of CVS Health Corp, made roughly times the salary of the median CVS employee in , the largest ratio between CEO and employee pay at any company on this list.
income inequality and growth: the role of taxes and transfers • Inequality of income before taxes and transfers is mainly driven by the dispersion of labour income and .