Assessments come in many different forms and use many different methods, each are important in obtaining an outcome to which the tutor can obtain positive outcomes. We will write a custom essay sample on Enabling and Assessing Learning Order now More Essay Examples on Gravells suggests that assessment is a process of determining if learning has taken place. Gravells adds that assessment enables the assessor to find out if a learner has gained the required skills and knowledge needed at a given point towards a course or qualification.
By admin Individuals learn in different ways and at different speeds. As a teacher it is important to understand the theories of how and why people learn so that the individual needs of the learner are addressed. Avis, There are many learning theorists who have studied how and why people learn, some examples are Pavlov, Skinner who are behaviourists.
Dewey, Bruner who are Cognitivists. Maslow, Rogers who are Humanists. Kolb and Bloom who are Reflective enquiry. Behaviourism looked at learning in a scientific way, theorist of the time believed that they could teach anything as they could condition an animal to behave in a particular way, whether it was a dog to salivate by the use of food, Pavlov Learning and Teaching [internet], or pigeons playing table tennis, by breaking the game down into a sequence of actions, Skinner Edschool.
The person was conditioned to their environment. However behaviourism is very limited, due to the need to repeat the process so many times.
This in turn reduces how fulfilled the learner would be especially if the lesson was purely based on behavioural learning. Also giving praise, and giving the person a sense of achievement will indicate the benefit of learning.
Avis, Cognitivists looked at learning in a different way to behaviourists basing their research on the how the individual gained and organised their knowledge. The individual did not just receive it but interpreted it in way that that meant something to them.
The teacher then has to be aware that in a class of ten there could be ten slightly different understandings. Dewey stated that learning was not a task and the learner had to learn to think and then reflect on this. Bruner said that the learner needs to learn the process so that they could apply it.
He felt that the facts were often forgotten. However for the individual to become self actualise, certain other criteria need to be achieved. These are physical, safety and shelter, love and belonging, Self-esteem and self actualisation.
Rogers believed that the student needed to be at the centre of the learning process through active self-discovery as they had a desire to develop and grow. Petty The reflective enquiry theory states that the individual develops as they challenge or question their experience thus leading to a better understanding.
At stage three further analyses takes place to gain best practice and the final stage is to put it to the test.
The model can be entered at any stage and still work in a cyclical manner. Walker, As a teacher it is important to be aware of all of these learning theories, and not just to focus on one particular one. Learning happens in many ways so a teacher needs to be able to use different learning theories and adapt those to the needs of the learners ensuring that their learning is fulfilled.
Throughout a lesson the teacher will praise effort to ensure that individual continues to try. The teacher will highlight the process as opposed to the individual facts. The teacher will reflect on what has taken place and then look for the learners to put that into practice.
The candidate provides the evidence — The concrete experience. The evidence is then reflected on to see if it fits with the learning outcomes.
I then look at the theory and knowledge with the candidate to examine the understanding they have. Finally I have a candidate discussion which allows me to ascertain what understanding they have the topic.
There are several methods of assessment to help support and monitor whether learning has taken place. Assessment means that the learner is being tested to perform a task, skill or a new body of theoretical knowledge.
Tummons, Assessment comes in various forms: Summative assessment is carried out near the end of a course or unit to establish what knowledge has been learned.
Initial assessment is carried out in the form of interviews, application forms, qualifications and interviews. Within my role I use initial assessment, formative assessment and summative assessment. I would use the initial assessment to help me formulate my teaching plan to cover learning styles, visual, auditory and kinaesthetic.Enabling and Assessing Learning Essay Sample.
Section 1 – Understanding Learning and Assessment It is important to make aware there are many different theories regarding the understanding of how individuals learn and develop. Enabling and Assessing Learning Learning is very complex and there are many theories relate to how students learn.
The different theories demonstra. May 20, · Video Scribe Project. From ADDIE men to Mad Men - why learning needs to be more like marketing: Kineo LTSF - Duration: LearningTechnologies views.
Enabling and Assessing Learning Introduction For this assignment I have chosen to focus on a group of 12 learners attending 5 sessions to enable them to.
Equality and Diversity in Relation to Assessment As a teacher in the learning setting it is vitally important to be aware of the local and government guidelines to establish equality and diversity and the promotion of inclusion therefore reducing exclusion.
The Enabling And Assessing Learning Education Essay. Learning is very complex and there are many theories relate to how students learn. The different theories demonstrate the .