Bob Articles Michael Faraday Michael Faraday began his life in humble beginnings as the son of a blacksmith. His life was characterized by humility of spirit and Christian devotion.
See Article History Michael Faraday, born September 22,NewingtonSurreyEngland—died August 25,Hampton Court, SurreyEnglish physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to the understanding of electromagnetism. Faraday, who became one of the greatest scientists of the 19th century, began his career as a chemist.
His major contribution, however, was in the field of electricity and magnetism. He was the first to produce an electric current from a magnetic fieldinvented the first electric motor and dynamodemonstrated the relation between electricity and chemical bondingdiscovered the effect of magnetism on lightand discovered and named diamagnetismthe peculiar behaviour of certain substances in strong magnetic fields.
He provided the experimental, and a good deal of the theoretical, foundation upon which James Clerk Maxwell erected classical electromagnetic field theory. His father was a blacksmith who had migrated from the north of England earlier in to look for work.
His mother was a country woman of great calm and wisdom who supported her son emotionally through a difficult childhood. Faraday was one of four children, all of whom were hard put to get enough to eat, since their father was often ill and incapable of working steadily.
Faraday later recalled being given one loaf of bread that had to last him for a week. The family belonged to a small Christian sect, called Sandemaniansthat provided spiritual sustenance to Faraday Michael faradays contributions to science essay his life.
It was the single most important influence upon him and strongly affected the way in which he approached and interpreted nature. At an early age he began to earn money by delivering newspapers for a book dealer and bookbinder, and at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to the man.
Unlike the other apprentices, Faraday took the opportunity to read some of the books brought in for rebinding. Using old bottles and lumber, he made a crude electrostatic generator and did simple experiments.
He also built a weak voltaic pile with which he performed experiments in electrochemistry. Faraday went, sat absorbed with it all, recorded the lectures in his notes, and returned to bookbinding with the seemingly unrealizable hope of entering the temple of science.
He sent a bound copy of his notes to Davy along with a letter asking for employment, but there was no opening. Davy did not forget, however, and, when one of his laboratory assistants was dismissed for brawling, he offered Faraday a job. When Faraday joined Davy inDavy was in the process of revolutionizing the chemistry of the day.
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisierthe Frenchman generally credited with founding modern chemistry, had effected his rearrangement of chemical knowledge in the s and s by insisting upon a few simple principles. Among these was that oxygen was a unique elementin that it was the only supporter of combustion and was also the element that lay at the basis of all acids.
Davy, after having discovered sodium and potassium by using a powerful current from a galvanic battery to decompose oxides of these elements, turned to the decomposition of muriatic hydrochloric acidone of the strongest acids known. The products of the decomposition were hydrogen and a green gas that supported combustion and that, when combined with waterproduced an acid.
Davy concluded that this gas was an element, to which he gave the name chlorineand that there was no oxygen whatsoever in muriatic acid. Acidity, therefore, was not the result of the presence of an acid-forming element but of some other condition. What else could that condition be but the physical form of the acid molecule itself?
Davy suggested, then, that chemical properties were determined not by specific elements alone but also by the ways in which these elements were arranged in molecules. This theory, proposed in the 18th century by Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovichargued that atoms were mathematical points surrounded by alternating fields of attractive and repulsive forces.
A true element comprised a single such point, and chemical elements were composed of a number of such points, about which the resultant force fields could be quite complicated.
Molecules, in turn, were built up of these elements, and the chemical qualities of both elements and compounds were the results of the final patterns of force surrounding clumps of point atoms. One property of such atoms and molecules should be specifically noted: By then he had learned chemistry as thoroughly as anyone alive.
He had also had ample opportunity to practice chemical analyses and laboratory techniques to the point of complete mastery, and he had developed his theoretical views to the point that they could guide him in his researches.
There followed a series of discoveries that astonished the scientific world.
Faraday achieved his early renown as a chemist. His reputation as an analytical chemist led to his being called as an expert witness in legal trials and to the building up of a clientele whose fees helped to support the Royal Institution. In he produced the first known compounds of carbon and chlorineC2Cl6 and C2Cl4.
Inas a result of research on illuminating gases, Faraday isolated and described benzene.Michael Faraday: Papers. Find out more about the papers of Michael Faraday held in the Ri Archive. Michael Faraday began his life in humble beginnings as the son of a blacksmith.
His life was characterized by humility of spirit and Christian devotion. As a teenager he began to work in a book bindery and often read the books that came in to be rebound.
Michael Faraday is a science hero, who made remarkable contribution to the field of electrical engineering as a result of his studies on the direct current and electromagnetic fields. Michael Faraday is a British physicist and chemist who made major discoveries of electromagnetic induction in addition to the laws of electrolysis.
Michael Faraday is a science hero, who made remarkable contribution to the field of electrical engineering as a result of his studies on the direct current and electromagnetic fields. This paper through qualitative analysis of published work and legitimate website sources is going to look at the contributions of Michael faraday to the field.
The Faraday Institute is named after Michael Faraday because he combined a deep religious faith with an outstanding scientific career, making him one of the best known of all British scientists, or natural philosophers as they were known in his era.
Michael Faraday began his life in humble beginnings as the son of a blacksmith. His life was characterized by humility of spirit and Christian devotion. As a teenager he began to work in a book bindery and often read the books that came in to be rebound.