Resources The Big Picture An understanding of students and how they learn is essential in developing instruction. This involves an understanding of psychology and learning theory.
Autodidacticism also autodidactism is a term used to describe self-directed learning. One may become an autodidact at nearly any point in one's life. Notable autodidacts include Abraham Lincoln U.
Open education and electronic technology[ edit ] Many large university institutions are now starting to offer free or almost free full courses such as HarvardMIT and Berkeley teaming up to form edX. Other universities offering open education are prestigious private universities such as StanfordPrincetonDukeJohns Hopkinsthe University of Pennylvaniaand Caltechas well as notable public universities including TsinghuaPekingEdinburghUniversity of Michiganand University of Virginia.
Open education has been called the biggest change in the way people learn since the printing press.
Presently, many of the major open education sources offer their own form of certificate. Due to the popularity of open education, these new kind of academic certificates are gaining more respect and equal " academic value " to traditional degrees.
It involves a wide range of people curriculum developers, inspectors, school principals, teachers, school nurses, students, etc.
These institutions can vary according to different contexts. The school environment — both physical infrastructures and psychological school climate — is also guided by school policies that should ensure the well-being of students when they are in school. They must also seek feedback from students for quality-assurance and improvement.
Governments should limit themselves to monitoring student proficiency. These include parents, local communities, religious leaders, NGOs, stakeholders involved in health, child protectionjustice and law enforcement policemedia and political leadership.
Before then, a small minority of boys attended school. By the start of the 21st century, the majority of all children in most regions of the world attended school.
Universal Primary Education is one of the eight international Millennium Development Goalstowards which progress has been made in the past decade, though barriers still remain. Researchers at the Overseas Development Institute have indicated that the main obstacles to funding for education include conflicting donor priorities, an immature aid architecture, and a lack of evidence and advocacy for the issue.
Indigenous governments are reluctant to take on the ongoing costs involved. There is also economic pressure from some parents, who prefer their children to earn money in the short term rather than work towards the long-term benefits of education.
Nearly every country now has Universal Primary Education. Similarities — in systems or even in ideas — that schools share internationally have led to an increase in international student exchanges.
The Soros Foundation  provides many opportunities for students from central Asia and eastern Europe. Programs such as the International Baccalaureate have contributed to the internationalization of education. The global campus online, led by American universities, allows free access to class materials and lecture files recorded during the actual classes.
The Programme for International Student Assessment and the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement objectively monitor and compare the proficiency of students from a wide range of different nations. Education and technology Technology plays an increasingly significant role in improving access to education for people living in impoverished areas and developing countries.
Charities like One Laptop per Child are dedicated to providing infrastructures through which the disadvantaged may access educational materials. The laptops were widely available as of They are sold at cost or given away based on donations.
In Africa, the New Partnership for Africa's Development NEPAD has launched an " e-school program " to provide allprimary and high schools with computer equipment, learning materials and internet access within 10 years.
India is developing technologies that will bypass land-based telephone and Internet infrastructure to deliver distance learning directly to its students.
Inthe Indian Space Research Organisation launched EDUSATa communications satellite providing access to educational materials that can reach more of the country's population at a greatly reduced cost.
The report examined the main challenges encountered by development organizations which support LCPSs. This success is attributed to excess demand. These surveys found concern for: This concern is widely found in the literature, suggesting the growth in low-cost private schooling may be exacerbating or perpetuating already existing inequalities in developing countries, between urban and rural populations, lower- and higher-income families, and between girls and boys.
The report findings suggest that girls may be underrepresented and that LCPS are reaching low-income families in smaller numbers than higher-income families. Quality and educational outcomes: It is difficult to generalize about the quality of private schools.
While most achieve better results than government counterparts, even after their social background is taken into account, some studies find the opposite. Quality in terms of levels of teacher absence, teaching activity, and pupil to teacher ratios in some countries are better in LCPSs than in government schools.
Choice and affordability for the poor: Parents can choose private schools because of perceptions of better-quality teaching and facilities, and an English language instruction preference.
Nevertheless, the concept of 'choice' does not apply in all contexts, or to all groups in society, partly because of limited affordability which excludes most of the poorest and other forms of exclusion, related to caste or social status.Montessori and Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences By Patricia A.
Vardin T he revolutionary work of Howard T Gardner has been given much attention in the. This article attempts to review Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences, show how Montessori and Gardner drew similar conclusions regarding human capacity and potential, and examine how Gardner's eight intelligences and underlying core operations lie at .
Acronyms, Terms, and other things we need to know to talk about gifted issues, education and children. My hg ds is si and v/s Translation, please?
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Encourages Contact Between Students and plombier-nemours.comnt student-faculty contact in and out of classes is the most important factor in student motivation and involvement. Kashmir University Syllabus for all UG, PG Courses available on this page!
Candidates who want to appear for exams can download Syllabus PDF from here.