Gourmet mushrooms are a high value crop which can be a great addition to a diversified farming operation, especially if they are lucky enough to be situated on land with a decent parcel of hardwood forest for log productionor willing to invest in the equipment necessary for more intensive cultivation. Wild harvesting mushrooms can also be a lot of fun, and fairly lucrative, if you know where to go and when, and can find a buyer. Also anyone interested in this topic should check out Paul Stamets on 6 ways mushrooms can save the world.
You can obviously grow on a bigger or smaller scale than this too. Grow Fast, Grow Anywhere Oysters mushrooms, ready to harvest just 7 days after starting to grow out of the bag Gourmet mushroom varieties like Oyster and Shiitake fetch a high price and are actually relatively simple to grow.
When I set out learning how to grow them back in with just a book to learn from, it took around a year for me to get reliable results, but I've since taught many people who have learnt in a matter of hours.
The way they're grown under easily controlled Mushroom farming makes them very reliable and consistent once you've got the hang of it. And wow, do they grow fast! Oysters the easiest variety to learn can grow in just weeks from start to finish - and you can grow a crop like this every week of the year.
You can also grow a lot in a small space, but more about that in a minute The thing about small-scale local mushroom growing is that your mushrooms will be so much better Mushroom farming what's likely to already be available in your local area.
Mushrooms are normally grown in huge factory-like farms and travel long distances to reach the end consumer. And being the fresh and fragile things that they are, they don't travel well. If you take Mushroom farming tray of beautiful freshly harvested mushrooms to the best restaurants, farmers markets and food outlets in your local area, you're likely to see them snapped up pretty fast.
But I'm aware it can feel a bit overwhelming with lots to learn. To help, I've written an overview of the 5 main steps you'd need to take and some useful tips to get started: Incubation - where the grow bags are left in a warm dark space for the spawn to grow throughout the bag Stage 3: I've built a few different fruiting room designs over the years, but our most recent one is the cheapest and simplest, built inside a hydroponics tent.
The size of the space you need depends on lots of factors like how many mushrooms you're aiming to grow, how you build your fruiting room and what options you have available to you.
You may not want to grow this many if you're working on your own though, as it's a lot of work. The essentials are really just access to water and electric, and being able to add a simple ducting installation bringing air in and out of the growing space.
There are loads of unused spaces out there, and often you can get them for low rent or even free.
We were given free use of a m2 space in an office building right in the middle of a city centre, which is where the UK's first Urban Mushroom farm is based. You could also use spare space in garages, basements, barns, shipping containers - someone we know is even looking at setting up in an old disused toilet block!
No kidding, she's thinking that the disabled room would make a perfect mixing room, the gents a great incubation room, and the ladies an ideal spot for the mushrooms to fruit - pure genius!
There are so many different ways of designing your setup depending on the space you have and your budget, but I'll show you some examples to help give you the general idea. Nice and simple - just a compost tumbler and workbench we don't even use the Hepa air filters these days The mixing and incubation rooms are simple and can be created easily in lots of different types of spaces.
The key aspects are just a mixing vessel for the substrate, a workbench and the ability to clean the area down easily. Incubation The first incubation room I built, inside a shipping container Yep, just shelving in an insulated room!
This works well for smaller bags, as are often used for Shiitake or small scale Oyster production. You can also use hanging rails instead, like the image below, if you're growing Oyster mushrooms in bigger column bags: Oyster mushroom mycelium growing on coffee grounds in 12Kg hanging column bags Depending on where you're based you may need a heating or cooling system in place to keep the temperature around 20 - 24C, so having an insulated space will keep energy usage to a minimum.
Fruiting There are so many different ways to go about creating your fruiting room - here's a few ways it can be done: If you join our free email course you'll get to learn more about why we think the hydroponics tent is a great option for most people just getting started.
There's a lot of detail for this stage - way too much to cover in any useful way in this article - but it's totally do-able for most people, regardless of your skills. Eric who I run GroCycle withand I are pretty basic at DIY, yet we built this little 5m2 fruiting room quickly and easily in a couple of days.
Check out this short timelapse showing the first afternoon we spent on it: The point is, if you want to do it, you can make it happen. It's not rocket science, and it can also be done on a budget to begin with and improved over time if you're short of funds. There are different ways of going about growing mushrooms, but I believe that the best way when growing on a small scale is the "Low-Tech" way.
Low-tech mushroom growing is a method we've been working on over the last few years which doesn't require the large, expensive and energy-intensive equipment normally used in commercial mushroom growing. Normally the substrate ingredients often straw or sawdust are heated to high temperatures in order to pasteurise them and kill off any competitor organisms.
Low-tech methods bypass this step or find low energy ways to achieve the same outcome. For example we grow Oyster mushrooms on coffee grounds already pasteurised from the brewing processsawdust pellets already pasteurised from the heat created during their productionor straw easily pasteurised by soaking in a high pH cold water bath.
Waste coffee grounds - a plentiful and already pasteurised resource Other features of the low-tech approach involve using fast growing, aggressive strains, and by using higher spawn rates than are normally used in large mushroom farms.
To give you an idea of how simple it can be, here's a free video teaching you how to grow mushrooms on coffee grounds on a very small scale: Example mix shown in this video:Mushroom growing kits: producing kits that help people to grow their own mushrooms at home can be a great source of extra income.
They make unique gifts & can help spread the word about your . Little About Mushroom Farming in India: Mushroom cultivation has been in vogue for almost years. However, commercial mushroom farming in. Sep 23, · How to Grow Mushrooms Indoors.
Growing mushrooms at home is a task that any gardener interested in growing their own food should attempt. Mushrooms are a healthy addition to any diet, as they are low in calories and fat, high in fiber, and 96%(71). Mushrooms will only spread if there are fewer than 5 mushrooms in an area of 9x9x3 around the original mushroom.
The main danger in small mushroom farming is that they must be low-lit indoor rooms, often allowing monsters to spawn in the same area (except on Peaceful mode).
This can be . The Mushroom Grower's Newsletter. Information about mushroom farming and marketing for commercial mushroom growers around the world.
Lots of free information and the opportunity to subscribe or purchase back issues. Courses about mushroom cultivation can be attended in many countries around Europe. There is education available for growing mushrooms on coffee grounds,   more advanced training for larger scale farming,  spawn production and lab work  and growing facilities.