The causes of poverty and solutions

We can end Poverty A Comparison of Four Approaches. Oxford Development Studies, Indicators of Poverty and Hunger.

The causes of poverty and solutions

Having of course no world government, and no real global consensus on dealing with poverty, cutting poverty is chiefly for each country to deal with. There has been a little international aid available for this, though often with unwanted conditions attached, but it still relies on individual governments not all of which consider poverty bad.

And the possible solutions for poverty clearly depend on what is chiefly causing it, and this can clearly vary with time and with place. The early 21st century sees the main poverty differences as between majority poverty as in poorer countries like India, and minority poverty in richer countries like the USA and Britain.

None of it may be easy to solve and the long history of anti-poverty measures has often been of failure, but successful action on poverty reduction is really possible.

The causes of poverty and solutions

In this map darker is poorer, see our Poor In a Rich World section for more current maps. Poverty in poor countries. There are unfortunately today still many very poor countries especially in Africa, Asia and South America where the majority of their populations still now suffer absolute poverty.

For such countries where the poor are a majority, the first requirement is to convince the richer countries that they will benefit by abolishing poverty worldwide.

But many in the richer countries, including their governments, may have wrongly come to actually liking having poor countries and to also believing quite incorrectly that having poor countries benefits richer countries economically.

But having poor countries is not an economic benefit to anybody, and it chiefly encourages low productivity in the richer countries by their employing or exploiting in the lowest wage poor countries. There is also no doubt that accepting having poor countries involves world fractures causing wars and other serious problems that our world would really be much better without.

Accepting having poor countries can only encourage international badness rather than goodness, and it also encourages accepting poverty within richer countries.

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The richer countries really need better education on this. If richer countries can be taught correctly the real problems of accepting poverty, then it is in principle a relatively simple matter for governments of rich and poor countries together to gradually end poverty worldwide with improving international trade terms and international government and charity aid systems.

And lower-level universal right welfare systems could also work well in many poorer countries, along the lines noted below for richer countries.

Giving food is often prioritised, and in some immediate crises this is essential - but food aid alone may not reduce poverty at all in the longer term.

And some 'help' can actually involve rich countries exploiting poor countries. Richer countries governments and charities who want to help poorer countries really need to more closely study the actual needs of each poor country.

Increasingly many poorer countries are getting better at helping themselves emerge from poverty especially by prioritising education. Hence some poor countries are at last catching up in innovation and science, see Innovation in the Third World. Recently poverty has been greatly cut in China and it can be cut elsewhere.

Poverty in rich countries. In richer countries, like the USA and UK, where their poor are a minority the first requirement for any real solution to that poverty is to convince the majority in those countries that they will benefit by abolishing poverty in their own country.

But many people in such countries have come to like having a poor minority and to believing wrongly that having a poor minority benefits the majority economically. In this mistaken belief their governments may encourage immigration from poorer countries for cheap labour and adopt other policies to maintain poverty.

But having a poor minority is certainly not any real economic benefit, and chiefly encourages exploiter inefficiency in businesses employing poor workers on the lowest possible wages.

There is also no doubt that accepting having a poor minority involves social fractures worsening crime and other serious social problems that any society would really be much better without. Claims by some that 'generous welfare for the poor discourages working' are false - see Welfare and Work.

It is then in principle a relatively simple matter for governments in richer countries to essentially abolish their minority poverty with improving minimum wage law and welfare systems as the universal-right basic income welfare system proposed on our sister site Social Exclusion Housing and now being considered by some governments as a 'basic income guarentee'.

With better understanding of the real poverty issues, private charities could also help more than they do now. While charities may need to use only attempted-targeting means-tested welfare, a government universal welfare for all better fits smaller, less interfering and more democratic government.

While government 'targeted welfare' empowers controlling governments, universal welfare by right empowers the people. And as everybody needs at least a minimum income, a government Universal Benefit approach makes sense. Of course not all of the poor would immediately respond perfectly, as not all of the rich behave well, but that calls for good government with good education.

It would certainly make unemployment less of a problem for many people, but might require higher taxes and might tend to attract more immigrants to that country and so need more immigration control?

Supporters say it will make people happier, healthier and more productive though sceptics doubt the latter, but of course conditional Jobseekers Allowances only pay as long as people are unproductive and so reward being unproductive.

The Universal Income was first proposed for all adults by Thomas Paine the revolutionary in when there were generally no welfare benefits, and could allow adding targeted additions according to need. It might work best as a basic income for all issued by government sufficient for a reasonable basic living, per adult and per child with the child amount for age below 11 paid fully to parents but half paid to the child from age 11 by schools?

It would be a simpler means of dealing with poverty that also helps give the poor more self-control and motivation for betterment. However, actually governments and charities choose who to help and how, and the amount of help will also be limited.

The very successful poverty-reduction in China in recent years has largely involved government action to encourage improved farming productivity and to employ the released labour in expanded industry, combined with population control.

At least some poor countries could copy that policy approach successfully, especially if given some appropriate help. The more urgent priorities. In poorer countries ; 1.Feminization of poverty: Women are the worst victims of poverty.

Poverty effects greater number of women then men. The total of poor women outnumbers the total population of poor men. The causes include low income, gender-inequality, etc. They are deprived of proper-diet, medicines and health treatment.

The Causes of Poverty and Solutions to This This report Will focus on NON main causes Of poverty in the developing countries and indicate solutions to deal with it.

The causes of poverty and solutions

It can be seen that inappropriate policies and undeveloped infrastructure widens the gap between the rich and the poor. Reasons of Poverty in Africa and Solutions Posted By Maria Sep 08, Africa is known to be the second largest and the second most populous continent in the world.

Let discuss the causes, effects and solution of poverty. Causes of Poverty: First of all, the poor governance system and the lack of will are two main causes of poverty.

MADISON, Wisconsin — To many, the idea of finding solutions to poverty is a big and seemingly impossible undertaking, considering that billion people .

Poverty is a worldwide cause of concern even in economically stable countries like the USA. Current statistics state that over half the populations in the world, about 3 billion people, are forced to live on less than dollars per day.

What are the Causes of Poverty? | The Borgen Project