And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned.
As noted, his first Congressional campaign boasted of taking on the anti-Cold War faction of the Democratic party led by Henry Wallace, and as a congressman he aligned himself with those who said the Truman Administration wasn't being tough enough, when he willingly attached his name to the chorus demanding "Who Lost China?
Inwhile running for the Senate, he proudly trumpeted the fact that during his first term in the House, even before Nixon had won fame for the exposure of Alger Hiss, JFK's work on a labor committee led to the conviction of a communist union official.
While in Congress, he supported all of America's overseas activities in waging the Cold War. Even while running for President inJFK appealed to the "tough on the Soviets" issue by consistently hammering at Eisenhower for America's supposed lack of leadership, and America "falling behind the Soviets.
Those who point to the Limited Test Ban Treaty as proof of JFK wanting to begin the first step toward disarmament, should remember that JFK wanted a ban chiefly for environmental reasons, and not because he envisioned the long-term elimination of nuclear weapons. JFK, to be sure, did make efforts to reduce direct tensions with the USSR following the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the installation of a teletype Hot Line was seen as essential to preventing the slowness of communication that had hampered talks during the crisis from happening again.
But merely because JFK wanted to reduce direct tensions with the USSR in no way meant backing away from the basic principle of containment first enunciated in the Truman Doctrine. Khrushchev had still publically declared that the Soviets would support "wars of national liberation" wherever they occurred in the world, and since JFK firmly believed in the "Domino Theory" as he told David Brinkley in the fall ofthen the idea of backing away from containment was impractical from a national security stanpoint, let alone a political one.
It was for these reasons alone, that holding the line in Vietnam was essential. It was JFK who increased America's troop number from to 16, and he repeatedly insisted that while Vietnam might have been "in the final analysis, their war," American troops were nontheless not there "to see a war lost" and that he totally disagreed with those who were suggesting the idea of a pullout.
That JFK was determined not to see Vietnam lost was borne out by his actions all throughout It was JFK who decided that South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem needed to be removed from office not because Diem was engaging in repression against Buddhists, but because Kennedy had become convinced that Diem was an impediment to winning the war.
Those who insist that JFK was ready to wash his hands of Vietnam and abandon the South never seem to realize that if that were the case, then why did JFK meddle so much in South Vietnamese politics right up to the eve of his death?
Since the South was not in any immediate danger of collapse, it would have been far simpler for JFK to disengage than by engineering a coup against Diem.
Revisionists who claim otherwise about JFK and Vietnam hinge their assertions on two points.
One, are the stories told by JFK aides Dave Powers and Ken O'Donnell that JFK had privately revealed his intention to withdraw, but only after the elections, when it would be politically far more feasible to do so.
This assertion has to be taken with a grain of salt. But five years earlier, when Vietnam had not yet torn the nation apart as deeply as it would by andthe attitude of the JFK faction was entirely different.
All of them, from Arthur Schlesinger to Pierre Salinger, and most importantly Teddy and Robert Kennedy, put aside their distaste for Lyndon Johnson to support the initial committment because, in their minds, Vietnam was perceived as having been a Kennedy operation.
Not until late andwhen Vietnam was now seen in the public perception as having been entirely started by LBJ, was it safe for the Kennedy faction to be anti-war without being anti-JFK. And bythere was hardly anyone in America who still remembered Vietnam as having been at one time a Kennedy operation.
Therefore, when this context of when O'Donnell and Powers wrote their memoir is taken into account, one cannot call this confirmation of JFK's real intentions. More importantly, the active policymakers, including Secretary of State Dean Rusk, insisted that JFK never discussed pulling out at any time.
Even more telling is the fact that when Lyndon Johnson did make the decision to go to war one year later, the advice he took came entirely from Kennedy holdovers, including Rusk, Robert McNamara, and national security advisor McGeorge Bundy.
The only voice raised in opposition to a committment was undersecretary of State George Ball, but he had never held more influence over JFK than the others.
In point of fact, the one person who knew JFK better than anyone else, Robert Kennedy, was willing to let history know exactly what his brother's intentions in Vietnam had been as early as andthe critical period before it had truly become "Johnson's War.
If you lost Vietnam, I think everybody was quite clear that the rest of Southeast Asia would fall. If that were in fact true, then what the JFK partisans are saying is that JFK was prepared to lie to the American public, and to the South Vietnamese people and government about his committment to South Vietnam for the sake of pure politics.
At the same time, JFK would have been willing to make all of America's allies wonder if America was serious about keeping its word in honoring its committments, if he in fact went through with such a cynical betrayal of the South. It stretches the imagination to think that a man of JFK's political savvy would have been willing to sacrifice American credibility in such a cynical fashion by promising to defend the South inand then throwing them to the wolves in The other cornerstone of the pullout thesis is the fact that at one point in the Fall ofJFK had made tentative steps toward having of the 16, advisors withdrawn by years end, as embodied in an on-site evaluation by Maxwell Taylor and Robert McNamara.
This is frequently cited as having been the first phase of a planned pullout, but this is not the case. Not only do all the above advisors RFK and Rusk confirm that their was no overall pullout planned, but JFK had already announced at his October 31, press conference that of thethe first would come from the ranks of those "who are not involved in what might be called front-line operations.
As noted, it is dependant on the idea that JFK was naive enough to think he could get away with seeing Vietnam fall without being subjected to the same kind of backlash that he himself had taken part in as a Congressman against the Truman Admininstration over "who lost China.
Not that he had much at that point anyway. Given his belief in the global struggle between east and west, his acceptance of the domino theory, his conviction that Vietnam was the testing ground for combatting 'wars of national liberation,' his often zealous committment to counterinsurgency, and his determination to never appear soft on communism, Jack might well have been compelled, as conditions worsened, to commit more American troops to Vietnam.
It is clear that his harsh public rhetoric made disengagement more difficult. And his clumsy and unprincipled acquiescence in the coup tied the United States closely to the eight military governments that briefly succeeded Diem.
A Question of Character, p.The Gospel According to Glennon. How Christian blogger Glennon Doyle Melton blew up life as she knew it and became the guru of the moment. A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah - Richard Nixon and the Election of Richard Nixon, was born on January 9th, , in Yorba Linda, California.
Fifty-six years after he was born he became the 37th president of the United States. In the election Nixon only defeated the democratic candidate, Hubert Humphrey, by . Essay The Watergate Scandal and the Resignation of President Richard Nixon - The Watergate Scandal and the Resignation of President Richard Nixon The Watergate Scandal and crisis that rocked the United States began on the early morning of June 17, with a small-scale burglary and it ended August 9, with the resignation of Republican.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . One of the most important written works of White is that of the book entitled Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon.
|Paul Johnson (writer) - Wikipedia||The earliest recorded German immigrants to Louisiana arrived inand Germans continue to arrive every year, especially in the New Orleans area. The fact that residents of German descent actually comprise Louisiana's largest cultural group is often overlooked, and it has only been in the last decade that scholarly forays have been made into this history.|
This reading naturally focuses on the process on how Richard Nixon failed to bring the American society at the brim of its dreams.